What does RoHS mean?
What are the regulations?
What are the consequences for you?
What can we do for you?

What does RoHS mean?

RoHS is an EU directive and the abbreviation for Restriction of Hazardous Substances. This directive serves to restrict the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. The aim is to reduce the content of harmful substances and thus protect people and the environment as well as improve recycling. The complete version with all appendices can be found here.

What are the regulations?

The following 10 substances are restricted by RoHS:

  • Lead (0,1 %)
  • Mercury (0,1 %)
  • Cadmium (0,01 %)
  • Hexavalent chromium (0,1 %)
  • Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) (0,1 %)
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) (0,1 %)
  • Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (0,1 %)
  • Butylbenzylphthalate (BBP) (0,1 %)
  • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) (0,1 %)
  • Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) (0,1 %)

The maximum permissible concentration in homogeneous materials in weight percent is given in brackets.

Annex II lists the substances subject to restrictions as last amended on 31 March 2015 (delegated Directive 2015/863/EU). The amendments are valid from 22 July 2019, for medical devices there is an extended deadline until 2021. Annex III gives a detailed overview of the exemptions and when they expire.

Countries outside the EU have now also introduced comparable regulations, such as Switzerland and Liechtenstein (Chemicals Risk Reduction Regulation), China (so-called China-RoHS) and South Korea (so-called Korea-RoHS).

What are the consequences for you?

According to Annex I, the RoHS Directive applies to all companies that manufacture the following equipment or parts thereof:

  • large household appliances
  • small household appliances
  • IT and telecommunications equipment
  • consumer electronics devices
  • lighting fixtures
  • electrical and electronic tools
  • toys and sports and leisure equipment
  • medical equipment
  • monitoring and control instruments including monitoring and control instruments in industry
  • automatic dispensers
  • ther electrical and electronic equipment which does not fall into any of the categories already mentioned

In 2011, CE marking and conformity assessment were introduced. This means that manufacturers must issue an EU declaration of conformity, affix a CE marking to the equipment, ensure permanent conformity and fulfil certain documentation and information obligations.

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